It used to be that the only place a floor paint would be found was in an industrial setting or some sort of repair shop. It was usually applied as a bonding agent for some sort of anti-slip material that was spread on top. This allowed for good traction if liquids were accidentally spilled on the floor or even if vehicles or moving equipment brought rain water into the area.
One common paint that has been used for this application has been enamel. Originally, the term enamel was applied only to vitreous enamel paints that were applied to decorative projects and then placed into a ceramic kiln for firing. This enamel would cure to a very hard and colorful coating. Although the enamel floor paints dry to a very hard and shiny surface they are in no way composed of the same base materials as the vitreous enamel used in art.
Enamel paint for use outside of art has really taken on a different POR34 meaning. It usually means the paint is an oil based covering that dries to a hard surface. Usually, the consumer can expect that the finish will be of a high gloss or semi-gloss appearance. You can even find some latex or water based paints with the term enamel on their label which is in keeping with this new definition.
Enamel concrete paint is very popular because it is so durable, but the glossy, shiny finish causes a major problem with traction when it gets wet or is contaminated with something such as used motor oil. For this reason, this paint, like any other used as a floor covering, requires a top coating of some sort of abrasive material to add traction. Most industrial settings require an industrial sand to spread on the surface. These grains tend to be larger than most sea sand and also sea sand has a high salt content which can cause problems with rusting of metal apparatus which comes in contact with it.
Applying an enamel paint is usually easier than using such products as epoxy floor coatings because there is only a two step process. The first, and most important, part of the project is to be sure the concrete floor surface is absolutely clean. If there are any loosened chips in cracks be sure to remove them and seal the crack before hand. Using a power washer or steam cleaner is a great way to remove any dirt and grime. If you scrub the floor with a detergent first then the job will be even easier.
If the floor has possibly been contaminated with oil or other petroleum products then you will want to use a good degreaser to clean off all the remainder. If this is not removed, the paint will not stick and you will not be happy with the results.
After the floor is cleaned, roll on the paint and then spread the traction material. You usually want to wait a day before walking on the floor and three days for heavy traffic.